This article “The Twatt Family, 1780-1840: Amerindian, Ethnic Category, or Ethnic Group Identity?” in The Western Métis: Profile of a People. edited by Patrick C. Douad (Regina: University of Regina & Canadian Plains Research Center, 2007) is a reprint of a 1997 Prairie Forum 22(2):193-212 article, appearing with contributions from several eminent scholars in the field of Métis history
My purpose is to examine a group of mixed descent people in the Nipawin, Saskatchewan area centred on Mansack and Willock Twatt to determine whether it developed from an other-identified ethnic category into a self-identified functional ethnic group during the during the latter eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. This will serve as a preliminary step in a proposed full-scale history of mixed descent groups in the Lower Saskatchewan River region in an attempt to provide some additional balance to the previously identified preponderance of studies on Red River and more generally Plains area Métis history which remains largely unaddressed.
The entire article can be read by clicking The Twatt Family, 1780-1840: Amerindian, Ethnic Category, or Ethnic Group Identity? . See PDF pages 80-96 & Endnotes 289-294. Note that this file takes ca. 5 minutes to download because it contains the entire book Douad (2007).